Antibiotics For Sinusitis Treatment
Antibacterial therapy is an integral part of complex treatment of sinusitis, frontal sinusitis and other types of diseases of sinusitis row, regardless of problem activator type. At a certain stage of illness’s development, in bosoms of nose pus begins to collect that leads to prompt reproduction of bacteria in cavity, mucous inflammation and further infection of the next bodies and fabrics spreads.
The main objective of antibiotics is a localization of infection and elimination of its activators. They are applied as a sharp and chronic sinusitis, at the same time the therapy system of different forms significantly differs. In the case of acute diseases of sinusitis row, the doctor usually registers a “shock” dosage of preparation, and the course of reception doesn’t exceed one week. At chronic forms, treatment duration is several times more: control of overall medicine performance by the analysis of microflora of mucous bosoms is periodically exercised and if necessary the preparation is replaced with effective analog.
Except for antibiotics, the doctor usually appoints a group of the special preparations weakening negative impacts of inflammatory processes on an organism is:
- other medicines.
It is necessary to remember that all antibiotics need to be applied strictly in compliance with the appointed course, otherwise their efficiency decreases many times. As the most effective form of antibacterial preparations release it is considered to be injection solutions. In the absence of possibility of course pricks passing, it is possible to use tablet form of medicine or to drink it in the form of suspension and also as drops of local action, however treatment efficiency, in this case, is slightly lower as active agents before hit in blood should break either a barrier of gastrointestinal tract, or mucous system.
The Main Groups of Antibiotics at Sinusitis
Below, the main groups of antibacterial preparations and popular drugs of such types applied to the treatment of sinusitis, frontal sinusitis and other types of sinusitis will be presented.
Effective and safe antibiotics block the growth of bacteria and oppress reproduction of microorganisms. They can be used both at acute phases of illness’s development and for treatment of diseases’ chronic forms.
This preparation has a direct anti-bactericidal effect on the majority of the known types of pathogenic microflora, it is quickly soaked up in the blood as directly, and through the gastrointestinal tract. It also has a minimum of side effects, it is contraindicated only to people with liver dysfunction and at Allergy on separate preparation components.
The known antimicrobic preparation, about average an efficiency range against pathogenic microflora, isn’t effective against a gram-negative bacterium, is similar in pharmacokinetics to penicillin, however, can be accepted by the people having an allergy to penicillin of broad activity spectrum. Side effects are minimum:
- liver violations (at very long-term treatment).
The most known type of antibiotics is a beta-lactam type of natural bases. It suppresses the synthesis of pathogenic microorganisms, has practically no side effects, however, affects the narrow list of main types of bacteria.
The semi-synthetic preparation – Amoxicillin which is actively destroying main types of cocci and the gram-negative except flora synthesizing penicillinase. It has a minimum of side effects (in rare instances an inflammation mucous, joint pains and mononucleosis), however, it is rational to apply it in the short term as bacteria very quickly adapt to this preparation and develop resistance to the main active ingredient.
The antibacterial preparation of wide range on the basis of amoxicillin, however, strengthened by clavulanic acid which expands possibilities of penicillin row preparation and strengthens its action. From side effects digestion disorders, in rare instances are:
- swollen mucosa;
- liver dysfunction.
This type of antimicrobic preparations formally belongs to penicillin group, however, are especially active for the pathogenic microflora developing at sinusitis. At the moment doctors recommend to use antibiotics of the third generation of this group, in particular, ceftriaxone.
Beta-lactam type of natural bases of the last generation with the most broad spectrum of activity of protium practically all known pathogenic flora. It is very effective at treatment of sinusitis, however, has numerous side effects:
- probability of gastrointestinal tract disorders emergence;
- Quincke’s disease;
- jaundice and the interstitial nephritis.
CephaIosporins is forbidden to use at pregnancy and breastfeeding.